Posted By On Friday, March 3rd, 2017 With 0 Comments

The Americas comprises the whole of North and South America’s continents. Together, they make up most of the territory in the western hemisphere of Earth and comprise the New World.

They cover 8 percent of Earth’s total surface area and 28.4 percent of Earth’s land region together with their related islands. The topography is dominated by the American Cordillera, a lengthy mountain chain that runs along the west coast length. Large river basins, such as the Amazon, St. Lawrence River / Great Lakes Basin, Mississippi, and La Plata dominate the flatter western part of the Americas.



The Americas was first established between 42,000 and 17,000 years ago by humans from Asia. A second Na-Dene speaker migration followed from Asia later. The subsequent migration of the Inuit to the neoarctic around 3500 BCE finished what the indigenous peoples of the Americas usually regard as the settlement.

The Norse explorer Leif Ericson was the first known European settlement in the Americas.[8] However, the colonization never became permanent and was subsequently abandoned. Christopher Columbus ‘ travels from 1492 to 1502 resulted in continuous contact with European (and later other Old World) forces, leading to the Colombian exchange. 

The decolonization of the Americas started in the 1770s with the American Revolution and mainly finished in the early 1890s with the Spanish-American War. However, the legacy of European colonization and settlement is that the Americas shares many common cultural characteristics, most notably Christianity and the use of Indo-European languages: mainly Spanish, English, Portuguese, French and, to a lesser extent, Netherlands.

Over one billion residents live in the Americas, two-thirds of whom live in the United States, Brazil, or Mexico. It houses eight megacities: New York City (23.9 million), Mexico City (21.2 million), São Paulo (21.2 million), Los Angeles (18.8 million), Buenos Aires (13.8 million), Rio de Janeiro (13.0 million), Bogotá (10.4 million), and Lima (10.1 million).

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